Anyone who wishes to register and maintain a “.BR” domain must come to the Brazilian domain Registry, which is coordinated by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee – CGI.br.
The revenue from domain registry, besides ensuring the quality of the service provided, is invested in several projects implemented by the NIC.br - Brazilian Network Information Center -, which is a non-profit civil entity, responsible for managing the “.br” domain. The NIC.br also has the following duties:
Since 1995, Registro.br has handled domain name registration, administration and publication of the DNS (Domain Name System) for the “.br” domain, as well as, Internet addresses distribution and maintenance services.
In order to achieve that, Registro.br has a team of highly qualified professionals who are constantly analyzing and developing new tools to perfect the Brazilian domain name registry system and maintain its leading technological position in the industry.
An example of this is the DNSSEC project, which is an international standard that broadens the scope of DNS technology. The DNSSEC adds a more secure name resolution system, reducing the risk of information and data being tampered with.
The Brazilian registry also operates and maintains database services provided by the LACNIC. NIC.br and LACNIC executed a cooperation agreement, by which IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and ASNs for Brazil are administered by the NIC.br; whereas, the LACNIC is responsible for regional Internet address registration for Latin America and the Caribbean.
More information available at www.registro.br.
The Brazilian Computer Emergency Response Team – main activity is to handle security incidents related to Brazilian networks connected to the Internet. Besides the Incident Handling activities, CERT.br also works to increase security awareness in our community, maintains an early warning projects and helps new Computer Security Incident Response Teams (CSIRTs) to establish their activities in the Country.
These activities have the strategic goal of increasing the level of security and incident handling readiness of the networks connected to the Internet in Brazil.
CERT.br services include:
More information about CERT.br and its services can be found at www.cert.br.
The Center of Studies on Information and Communication Technologies - CETIC.br - is responsible for the production of indicators and statistics on the availability and use of the Internet in Brazil, periodically publishing analyses and information on the development of the network in the country. This information is essential to monitor and evaluate the socio-economic impacts of the ICTs, to steer the design of public policies aimed at ensuring access to the network, as well as to enable comparisons between the Brazilian reality and the reality of other countries.
In partnership with several renowned research institutes, the CETIC.br annually coordinates a "Surveys on the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Brazil" on the following subjects:
This is a process that undergoes constant improvement and is carried out in collaboration with the Observatory for the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean (OSILAC) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL), in accordance with the methodology set forth by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development –i.e. an international initiative aimed at improving the quality and availability of data and indicators on the development of the Information Society worldwide.
The surveys on the use of technologies contribute by promoting debates on the subject and creating the necessary conditions for the public sector to design its electronic government and digital inclusion programs, as well as policies to increase broadband use across the country. These indicators are important for private companies to plan their business and evaluate the trends regarding the development of the Internet, which is the backbone of a globalized economy.
This is an important contribution of the CGI.br to society and to the government, as it provides the information needed to promote e-services and e-business in the country.
PDF versions of these surveys are available in Portuguese and English at www.cetic.br.
CEPTRO.br - The Center of Studies and Research on Network Technologies and Operations, NIC.br's technological research team, develops services aimed at the enhancement and dissemination of the Brazilian Internet.
The PTTMetro (PTT.br) is an IXP service focused on the improvement of the national Internet infrastructure. An IXP (Internet eXchange Point) may be defined as a network solution enabling a direct connection between Autonomous Systems (AS), the independent networks constituting the Internet. PTTMetro project, created in 2004 by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee, constructs and maintains several regional IXPs, whose purpose is to connect local networks allowing the exchange of local traffic. In the beginning of 2012, there were 20 IXPs in operation, located in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre, Curitiba, Brasília, Salvador, Fortaleza, Recife, among other Brazilian cities. PTTMetro is a member of EURO-IX and LAC-IX associations, and it is growing fast, promoting the improvement of the provided services and the creation of aditional locations.
NIC.br provides the Brazilian society with the service of Internet quality measurement covering 4 scopes: Broadband access, mobile Internet, autonomous system connectivity and integration of Brazilian networks with international sites. Measurements are based on an approach of active traffic generation between client and servers revealing values for the core quality metrics of throughput, latency and jitter and others, like DNS resolution in some cases.
SIMET, a browser based service, allows consumers and enterprises to evaluate the local broadband access in an accurate way. Due to strategic positioning of the test servers at local Internet eXchange Points (IXP), users are able to quantify the actual performance of their provider's network. Tests may be anonymous or identified. There are also solutions for iOS and other mobile technologies. The Brazilian Internet Quality MAP (http://simet.nic.br/mapas) is the public distribution of SIMET test results.
Aiming for a detailed and accurate view of the national broadband market, NIC.br conducts a closed measuring project based on an innovative combination of hardware and software clients, distributed nation wide. The combination of both types of clients and statistical methods developed by CETIC (http://cetic.br) results in a precise and cost efficient measurement.
SAMAS is a project for the community of Brazilian Autonomous Systems. Based on devices allocated right inside the autonomous system networks, SAMAS’s measurements reveal a connectivity matrix with rich and interactive information on the quality of national network interconnections. Further research focuses the correlation of these quality metrics with BGP routes. The connectivity of Brazilian networks with international sites is researched in collaboration with two international projects. Ripe TTM, lead by European Internet registry RIPE and Simon, headed by Latin American Internet registry LACNIC.
VoIPIX is an initiative to strengthen and disseminate Internet telephony. Compared to major Internet services like the Web, IP telephony still awaits it's large scale adoption, besides the existence of solid technical foundations.
Recognizing present market structures, especially the conditions for call exchange between operators, as one main impediment, NIC.br aims to innovate on the field of peering to raise voice over IP dissemination. VoIPIX is a peering service allowing commercial IP telephony providers, as well as large governmental and academic institutions, to interchange VoIP Calls, without the traditional integration through the original public circuit switched telephone network.
The IPv6.br, IPv6.br comprises a series of initiatives aimed at disseminating the new IPv6 Internet protocol, in Brazil. Besides a website with news and information about the protocol, the Project provides an e-learning course, which features a workshop on Autonomous Systems, lectures in several events and free IPv6 traffic for PTT.br participants in São Paulo. Using the IPv6 is essential to ensure the continued growth of the Internet.
The NTP.br freely distributes the correct time, provided by the Brazilian National Observatory, via the Internet, through 8 different servers. The initiative also mantains a website with information on how NTP works and how to use it.
More information at www.ceptro.br.
W3C is an international consortium created to shape the future of the Web by promoting debate and proposing standards and guidelines to ensure the ongoing development and universality of the Web. Dozens of standards have already been debated and published, from HTML and CSS standards to the XML standards, accessibility, mobile Web, web services, web semantics, open data, privacy and security. The standards published by the consortium are known as W3C Recommendations.
The W3C Office promotes activities in Brazil that involve players from universities, governmental bodies, companies, researchers, communities of developers, users and those who are interested in the use and development of web technologies. In addition to editing and publishing the recommendations and documents of the W3C in Portuguese, the Brazilian Office also organizes the annual W3C Brazil Web Conference and meetings with industry experts to maintain an open channel of communication about the Brazilian Web.
The initiative of having the W3C in Brazil is an investment in the development of the Web and its responsible and organized use, which embodies the Brazilian effort to lead the Web to realize its full potential, available to all, through any device, anywhere, in any culture, safely and reliably!
For more information on the W3C Office in Brazil and its activities see www.w3c.br.
During the year of 2009, the CGI.br debated aspects of fully developing the Internet in Brazil and adopted a Decalogue, namely "Principles for the Governance and Use of Internet in Brazil". Published as Resolution CGI.br/RES/2009/003/P, it is both a summary of the contributions resulting from the first years of open Internet in Brazil and the cornerstone upon which we wish to further develop it. The topics included reflect the CGI.br's concern in ensuring the ongoing growth of this platform to benefit all.
Our principles are available at http://www.cgi.br/regulamentacao/pdf/resolucao-2009-003-pt-en-es.pdf.
The Antispam.br was conceived by the AntiSpam Work Committee (CT-Spam) of the CGI.br, and it is an important reference on antispam resources. This website is aimed at informing users and network administrators about the implications of spam and how to protect themselves against it. The aim of the Antispam.br is to ensure healthy, adequate and safe use of networks connected to the Internet, as well as to educate users through simple and fun videos, providing information on the dangers to which users are exposed and tips on how to browse the Web more securely.
More information is available at www.antispam.br.
The CGI.br set forth measures that are part of a Cooperation Agreement executed for implementation of Port 25 Management –i.e. a set of policies and technologies aimed at deploying a system to reduce spam originated in domestic networks in the country.
The measures will ensure better use of the existing infrastructure, since spamming is identified as responsible for the increased resource demands on operational networks. The Agreement is one of the main results of work undertaken over the past year by the CGI.br through its Anti-Spam Work Group. These activities involved the regulatory agency, associations and electronic mail service providers, telecommunications service providers and consumer protection agencies.
NIC.br, reaffirming its commitment to the Internet in Brazil, is available to guide Brazilian organizations interested in applying for having their own generic Top Level Domains (gTLD) to Icann, as well as to provide backend services for the approved ones.
Together with other teams at NIC.br, CEPTRO is developing tools and studying the Brazilian Web, the network of sites using “.br” domain names. The goal is to have a better understanding of its functioning, follow its growth, and assess the correct use of the open Internet and Web standards, such as the IPv6, NTP, HTML, CSS, WCAG, etc.
This initiative led to the development of tools to obtain the data, and test it, such as the webcrawler WIRE-NIC and the analyzer CONNECTOR, both open source software, available to anyone interested in reproduce our test methodology.
There are weekly automatically generated reports published at http://labs.ceptro.br/brsites and http://labs.ceptro.br/topsites, assessing some of the characteristics above mentioned for the home pages of various websites.
Another result of this initiative is the test tool called ASA (Automatic Site Analyzer) – http://asa.nic.br. ASA is a system created by NIC.br to assist the process of developing and maintaining a website. Once you register your website in the tool, periodic reviews of adherence to open standards and use of technologies recommended by CGI.br and NIC.br are carried out. The Web developer can receive reports via e-mail or even see them on the tool itself. By using ASA, the developer saves time and prevents errors.
Finally, TIC Web (Study on the use of information and communication in Brazil – Web) is the project from CEPTRO and other two NIC.br teams, CETIC and W3C Brazil, that aims to construct a detailed study of the Brazilian Web, answering questions, such as: Where are the Brazilian websites hosted, in Brazil or other countries? Where do we stand in IPv6 deployment at these sites? What is the level of compliance with Internet and Web standards, such as HTML and CSS? How accessible are the Websites? Reports on most specific domain names, such as .gov.br, have already been generated, and statistical tools are being developed to permit a complete analysis of the .br Web.
Multimedia and knowledge: Zappiens.br.
The name Zappiens.br comes from the expression “Homo Zappiens”, meaning the new generation of human beings that are digital natives. This initiative started at the Comission for Digital Content, from the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee, and aims to foster the production and availability of multimedia content in Portuguese language to the Internet.
As a result of the project we developed a open source software for video websites that can be used to any organization to create services similar to Youtube, Dailymotion and others.
The Zappiens.br website hosts videos in Portuguese language with cultural, historical, or educational value. The website intends to provide an option for institutions that already have video collections, or that already produce videos, but do not have means to publish them on the Web. It also works as a portal, or unified search engine, that connects similar projects, such as http://video.rnp.br, http://iptv.usp.br and http://zappiens.pt. The website already hosts an important historical video collection from Agência Nacional (the "cine jornais" - short duration news shown in movie theaters before the main session, from 1950s to 1980s, in Brazil).
More information available at www.zappiens.br.
Conceived by CGI.br and Fundação Padre Anchieta / TV Cultura, the portal InternetSegura aims to bring together the leading Internet safety and security initiatives in Brazil. Thus, attempts to facilitate and expedite public access to information provided by these initiatives.
The portal framework is divided into "Knowing the risks and protecting yourself," "Shopping and banking safely", "Teaching children and students", "Protecting Privacy" and "Tips for young children."
In addition, general information like the content of glossaries and FAQs are also found, helping Internet users with questions about definitions and issues related to Internet security.
The content of this website is constantly updated, and amended where new initiatives arise or initiatives already listed make available new materials.
More information available at www.internetsegura.br.
JISA is a peer-reviewed international journal that publishes high-quality scientific papers (addressing both theory and practice) covering all aspects of the Internet architecture, protocols, services, and applications.
Topics include, but are not limited to “Networking protocols and architectures”, “Web protocols, standards, and development”, “Security and privacy”, “Network/service operations and management”, “Middleware”, “Mobile, ubiquitous, pervasive, and context-aware computing” and “Applications”.
The main goal of JISA is to publish original and complete papers covering any topic related to the above mentioned areas in sufficient detail and depth to be of practical use to interested readers. Researchers and practitioners should benefit from the novel solutions, analyses, experiences, trends, and challenges presented in the papers published in JISA.